Consequences of goal interdependence romantic couples

The couple relationship is a social system with a major influence on our life goals and the way we pursue them. Recently, research in the field has begun to pay increasing attention to the interaction between the goals of the two partners. The Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences aims to identify the consequences of the interdependence of goals in the couple and the contexts in which the couple partner facilitates or, on the contrary, slows down our progress towards our own goals

Factors influencing maladaptive eating behaviors

Eating behavior (including food choices, eating patterns, diets we follow, obesity or eating disorders) significantly influences our quality of life. Therefore, research in the field seeks to identify predictors of adaptive and maladaptive eating behaviors and to develop effective interventions to address them. Within the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences, we focus mainly on the influencing factors in the development and maintenance of maladaptive eating behaviors, in order to properly inform future interventions.

The role of disgust in anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders

Disgust contributes, along with fear / anxiety, to the development and maintenance of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Recent research in the field of clinical psychology has begun to pay more attention to the effects of psychological interventions on the level of disgust in the two clinical disorders. Within the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences, a meta-analysis was published that sought to identify the effectiveness of exposure-based interventions on anxiety and disgust regarding anxiety disorders, with promising results in this direction. 

Priming technique in reducing negative emotions

The concept of priming refers to the phenomenon according to which exposure to an initially encountered stimulus has an impact on the response to a later encountered stimulus. Although priming has been investigated mainly in the context of consumer psychology, recent studies highlight the usefulness of this technique in the case of anxiety, depressive and schizophrenic symptoms. The Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences focuses on studying the negative emotions encountered in various clinical disorders (eg, anxiety disorders) and the effect of the priming technique on them.

Anxiety in relation to physiological parameters

Anxiety, one of the key concepts in psychology, is a vulnerability factor for emotional sensitivity. Its relationship with physiological systems, especially the cardiovascular system, is very controversial. Therefore, the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences aims to investigate the effects of anxiety on cardiovascular function, as well as the mechanisms involved in the process of emotional regulation to facilitate the optimal functioning of the heart.  

The role of work-family conflict in psychopathology

The work-family conflict or the difficulties in balancing family and professional responsibilities are a challenge that most people in the labor market face, especially in the current social context. The negative effects on the quality of life of the individual make the work-family conflict a recurring theme in the literature. In line with this trend, research in the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences focuses on investigating the role that work-family conflict has in the development of psychopathology. 

Morality and moral decisions

The study of moral decisions has shown over time two important directions. On the one hand, cognitive and neurocognitive approaches argue that reason determines moral judgments, and on the other hand, intuitionistic approaches are based on the postulate that intuitions (i.e. emotions) determine these judgments. However, recent approaches support the idea that none of these directions address all key aspects of moral judgment, increasingly shaping the idea of an integrative cognitive-intuitionist model of moral decisions. In the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences, we address these controversies by exploring the role of cognition and emotion in moral judgment. 

Socio-economic decisions in psychopathology

Socio-economic decisions are often studied using economic games (Ultimatum Game, Dictator Game) that try to simulate reality as efficiently as possible. Recently, studies in the field suggest that various disorders or symptoms (such as depression or anxiety) may influence the socio-economic decisions of those affected. individual differences, psychopathological factors and socio-economic decisions are an important area of research.

The role of cognitive biases in psychopathology

Cognitive biases are defective patterns of response, errors in judgment and decision-making, and are present in all people. In some forms, however, they seem to play an important role in triggering and maintaining mental disorders. In this sense, in recent years, the study of this field has focused predominantly on the modification of distortions in order to reduce symptoms. Within the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences, a number of articles have been published that have investigated this mechanism in clinical disorders such as depressive disorders or anxiety disorders.

Cognitive mechanisms involved in depressive disorders

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders. It is accompanied by a number of symptoms that significantly affect functioning in several areas, including cognitive and social. Mainly, in terms of depressive disorders, research has focused on identifying the factors underlying this disorder, as well as on the development and testing of interventions. In the literature, a recurring factor in this context is cognitive distortions. In this direction, a meta-analysis was published in the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences that investigated the role of cognitive distortions of interpretation in depressive disorder.

Cognitive plasticity of bilinguals compared to non-bilinguals. Implications of the interaction between language and cognition

With the advancement of globalization and multiculturalism, bilingualism has become one of the prominent topics of research in science. In the field of psychology and neuroscience, the emphasis is on the cognitive changes that bilingualism brings, such as better coordination of executive functions (especially cognitive flexibility - task switching and inhibitory control). In the Laboratory, we aim to explore both the controversy over the existence of the cognitive advantage of bilinguals over monolinguals, and the ways in which this advantage is foreshadowed.

Secondary trauma and adverse experiences

Secondary traumatic stress refers to indirect exposure to an event or series of traumatic events, such as viewing media with explicit or frighteningly violent content, or listening in detail to a story describing a traumatic event. Studies show that people indirectly exposed to traumatic events suffer from symptoms similar to post-traumatic stress syndrome, suggesting the importance of interventions including for indirect victims of these events. LSCC aims to investigate the mechanisms and consequences of the relationship between indirect exposure to adverse experiences and the onset of secondary traumatic stress symptoms.

In order to achieve the research objectives mentioned above in a rigorous manner, the Laboratory of Cognitive Clinical Sciences uses robust and innovative statistical and methodological means.
We detail some of them below.

STATISTICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL MEANS

The purpose of network theory in psychopathology

Network Theory is the study of symmetrical or asymmetrical relationships between several distinct (discrete) objects. Tangibly, this involves the use of several statistical procedures, such as Network Analysis . Applied in the field of psychopathology, this approach has the potential to create a common front in terms of how we look at, diagnose and conceptualize psychopathology, by highlighting transdiagnostic factors, cementing a general explanatory model of disorders, and thus combating the categorical model.

meta-analysis

These are statistical procedures that combine the results of several scientific studies, provided that they have a common theme. It is important to note that meta-analyzes have a higher degree of confidence than individual articles, as they partially eliminate the human error that can influence the results of an individual study and have a higher statistical power. 

ecological momentary assessment

This method aims to reduce or eliminate memory biases, while increasing ecological validity by capturing real-time changes in behavior. In essence, the Ecological Momentary Assessment involves (a) collecting data in real contexts, which belong to the daily life of the participants, which happens (b ) at selected times taking into account a specific strategy, taking into account that (c) several such assessments will be completed over time, in order to paint a complete picture of how the targeted behaviors vary over time. Last but not least, it must not be forgotten that (d) it is necessary that the aspect covered by these assessments remains the current state of the subjects.